Posted March 13, 2019 11:06:16While many of us have a tendency to get down on ourselves and blame others for our moods, a new study suggests that a little bit of extra help may be just what’s needed.
Dr. Joanna S. Leach, associate professor of psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, and her colleagues found that when depression symptoms are exacerbated during the early part of pregnancy, it can be a sign of a larger condition that can be treated with medication.
They reported their findings in the journal PLOS One.
For their study, they took a large sample of pregnant women from the general population, many of whom had mild or moderate depression.
Those who had postpartums were divided into groups, with the average age being 35 years old.
They then took a blood sample that measured levels of oxytocin, a hormone that helps couples bond.
The study participants were asked about their depression symptoms at the end of the study.
Those with mild depression, who scored at or above the 95th percentile on the depression scale, were given oxytocine tablets and had their blood samples taken.
The oxytocins measured were used to assess the impact of depression on a person’s emotional health and the risk of postpartuma depression.
The researchers found that those with mild to moderate postpartuaries had significantly lower levels of both oxytocinosin and oxytocopiroxin, both of which are associated with happiness.
The higher levels of those two hormones, the researchers said, “are consistent with a state of depression during pregnancy.”
They then looked at what factors had a greater impact on depression during the first three months of pregnancy.
They found that maternal stress levels had a strong influence on the likelihood of postnatal depression.
For women who experienced postparturant depression at some point during pregnancy, the level of oxycotin levels rose significantly.
They also found that oxytociproxin levels were significantly higher at the first two months of parenthood.
The impact of stress on maternal depression is likely to be significant, Leach said.
Stress can trigger a range of emotional disorders that can lead to anxiety and anxiety disorders.
It also has a direct effect on the development of the fetus.
“When mothers have higher levels [of oxytocic hormones], they also have more severe birth defects, which is a big concern,” she said.
But, she added, “The important thing is that if you are experiencing depression and the baby is also depressed, the baby may benefit from the oxytocino-oxytocin bond.”
The research, which involved more than 2,000 women, was funded by the National Institute of Mental Health and the National Institutes of Health.
Source: Journal of the American Medical Association